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Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, known as bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification procedure to allow a performance of around 2 million transactions per day. In the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at $545.00 to Bitcoins $6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. But bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its similar to gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (like the gold exists underground), but they havent been brought out into the light yet (just as the gold hasnt yet been dug up). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to perform this as a reward for creating blocks of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a little, lets discuss nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin software and helps to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin software (free) and also leave a certain port open (the downside is the fact that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing takes up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes that it knows, who will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. This way it ends up getting around the whole network fairly fast. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These set outstanding transactions into blocks and add them to the blockchain. How can they do so by solving a intricate mathematical puzzle that is part of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the cube. The mystery that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined go to my site with the information in the block and passed through a hash function, produces a result that is within a certain range.

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(For trivia lovers, this number is known as a nonce, which is a concatenation of number used once. In the instance of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function makes it impossible to predict what the outcome will be. So, miners suppose the puzzle number and apply the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and also the data in the cube. The resulting hash has to begin with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that produce the intended result, or there might be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but with a more information different block configuration). .

The first miner to get a resulting hash within the desired range announces its success to the remainder of the network. The rest of the miners immediately stop work on that block and start trying to figure out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for the own work, the victorious miner gets some new bitcoin. .

At the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which in time of writing will be worth nearly $200,000.

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Though its not nearly as cushy a deal as it sounds. There are a whole lot of mining nodes competing for this benefit, and it is a question of fortune and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you are).

Additionally, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to the powerful hardware needed (if you have a faster processor than your competitors, you have a better chance of finding the correct number before they perform ), but also because of the large amounts of electricity that running these processors consumes. .

And, the number of bitcoins given as a reward for solving the puzzle will decrease. Its 12.5 now, however, it pits each four years or so (the next one is expected in 2020-21). The worth of bitcoin relative to price of power and hardware could go up during the next few years to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The difficulty of this calculation (the required number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so that it requires on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes that's the amount of time the bitcoin developers think is necessary for a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the maximum number of 21 million has been attained (expected some time in 2140).

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